Exhausted hair, thinning of hairs and hair loss is a fundamental question that one third of all the females suffers all their life. An important part of women’s hair loss problems is genetic type hair loss.
20% of women with hair loss have family history. We can list the factors that cause hair loss in women other than genetic causes as follows:
An important cause of hair loss and hair weakening seen in women is hormone imbalances and hormone treatments. It is observed that the used birth control pills often cause hair loss.
Experts indicating that a large part of the hair is growing in pregnant women, state that the hair has passed to the resting phase of the hair growth cycle during the post-natal period, they are lost in excessive amounts within 2-3 months, this period could continue until 1-6 months and mostly they grow up again and reach up to their previous amounts.
FEVER AND HEAVY INFECTIONS
Experts indicating that diseases can cause hair to enter into the resting phase, state that 4 weeks to 3 months after a high fever and a severe illness, intense hair loss may occur, but over time the hair will become its previous condition.
Hair loss is also seen during the treatment of hormone deficiency, which is caused by excessive or short work of the thyroid gland, which is called hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism in the medical litterature.
Iron deficiency anemia can result from heavy menstrual bleeding or not consuming enough foods which are rich in iron and this can lead to hair loss.
MALNUTRITION AND STRESS
As a result of the senseless diets and unidirectional diets, the hair does not have enough protein within the structure of the keratin in its structure, vitamins, minerals which are essential for life cycle. As a result, the problem of hair loss and weakness occurs. Moreover, anything that is a source of stress for the body will also show its negative effect on the hair.
SOME DISEASE TREATMENTS
Experts indicating that some Cancer treatments can stop hair cells from dividing, but also added that they can lose 90% of their hair, but after the end of therapy, their hair will grow again and return to their previous state. For this reason, it is recommended that those who have cancer treatment do not feel stressed due to hair loss and wait for the necessary time to pass.
GREAT SURGICAL OPERATIONS AND CHRONIC DISEASES
Excessive hair loss can be seen within 1-3 months in patients undergoing major surgery. This can pass within a few months. However, in people with severe chronic illness hair loss can occur as a lifelong process.
Children and sometimes adults can draw their hair, eyebrows or eyelashes till pulling them and make it a habit. Experts recommend psychological assistance in such situations.
ALOPESI AREATA (PELADE)
In this type of hair loss, areas with smooth surface, money size or larger round patches form out. Rarely the loss can occur in all the hair and body hairs. Although it is not known why these types of hair loss that can be seen in every age is known, hair grows spontaneously later on in many patients.
MISTAKES OF HAIR CARE
According to experts; methods such as dying, coloring, smoothing or perming can damage the hair unless they are done under suitable conditions. Applying these methods often or at the same time can cause the hair to weaken and break. Hair forms such as ponytails, knitting, gathering with tight tires which pull the hair, should not be applied too often. Because the constant pulling force acting on the hair’s base causes hair loss. Frequent washing, combing and brushing can break your hair.
Using cream after shampoo makes it easier to com your hair. As it is more fragile when wet, so you should avoid trying to dry it by rubbing with a towel.
Experts report that instead of a brush, wide-mouthed, straight-edged combs should be preferred. The most important factor in hair loss is genetic that is to sa familial inheritance, but other factors can play a role in hair loss. We can list the main factors in hair loss as follows:
MALE TYPE HAIR LOSS IN WOMEN
Most women with hair loss have normal blood androgen levels. If high levels of androgen is determined in the blood, it is necessary to investigate the possibility of androgen-producing tumor. In females, androgen-producing organs are ovaries and adrenal glands. Androgenetic alopecia (male type hair loss) is common on situations where other signs of hyperandrogenemia are seen, such as policystic over syndrome.
In women, androgenetic alopecia start at an age older than men. In women, there is usually diffuse loss (covering the entire hairy skin). The hair on all the hairy skin is entirely thinned or sparse. In terminal hairs, miniaturization occurs at a lower level than males. For this reason, complete hair loss is rare. The fact that the miniaturization is lesser can be explained by the lower activity of 5 alpha reductase enzyme in women. However, after menopause or when the androgens are significantly elevated in the blood, the forehead and upper side hair loss may become more obvious, as in men. In women, the frontal hairline is usually protected. Androgenic alopecia is not considered a disease in man. However, it is an important problem for the woman to develop a great psychological stress and it can be a sign of internal diseases. The psychological impact of male type hair loss seen in 30 million women in the United States is 75% more than in males. It is more difficult for women to admit this situation when men consider the male type hair loss acceptable.
FOR THE TREATMENT OF THE HAIR LOSS SEEN IN THE WOMEN SO MANY ELEMENTS HAVE BEEN CONSIDERED.
For diagnosing the hair loss in women, hair color, hair density, hair diameter and hair loss type are checked and the reason for hair loss is determined after the formation of a hormone tablet and carrying out the systematic blood tests.
The recommended treatments to prevent hair loss in women are the medicines applied locally to the skin with hair, vitamins and other triggers; oral nutritional supplement tablets may be summarized as a hair transplant to be carried out in coordination with other treatments if the hair loss reaches advanced levels.