BIRTH-INDUCED SHAPE DEFORMATION
Hand’s congenital anomalies are deformities that exist at birth, affect hand development and cause significant problems in use. With the advancing surgical techniques, most defect are corrected at a very early age, or in some patients during pregnancy, or in others at 2 or 3 years of age after allowing normal development and function of hand.
The most common congenital hand anomaly is syndactylia. Here two or more fingers are connected. As a surgical treatment, the tissues that connect the fingers are ct, then skin grafts, which are taken form elsewhere in the body, are sewn into spaces there. The procedure becomes more complicated if the bones are unified. Although the surgery also provides full movement and near-normal vision, the grafted skin color may differ slightly from the other skin.
Other common congenital defects are short, missing or deformed fingers, immobilized tendons and abnormal nerves or veins. In most patients, these defets are surgically corrected.
HEALING AND REHABILITATION
Because the hand is a very delicate organ of the body, there can be pain ranging from mild to painful afte surfery. Your surgeon can provide you relief with injection or medication. How long your hand will remain immobile and how fast your normal activities will be regained, depend on your surgery type, extension and how fast you can heal.
Physical therapy may be needed by an experienced hand therapist, so hat you can heal faster and use it better. Your therapy includes hand exercises, massage therapy, electrical nerve simulation, splinting, screcting and special wraps. If you want to use the maximum of your hand, you must comply with the therapist’s recommendations.