BREAST REDUCTION

WHAT IS AESTHETIC BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY?

Although aesthetic breast reduction surgery seems to be one of the cosmetic operations performed to correct the physical appearance of the woman, it is actually a reconstructive operation, but not aesthetic. A droopy breast can lead to back and neck pains, and cause to humpback depending on its bigness. Numbness may occur depending on the pressure of the bra on the arm nerves.  It can be difficult to breathe. A rash and wound dehiscence can occur in the inframammary groove as a result of the continuous friction of the breast skin with the chest skin. Daily physical activity may be limited. Moreover, big breast create difficulties in choosing clothes and the lack of self-esteem can also lead to social and psychological problems.

WHAT ARE BENEFITS OF BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY?

An operation to be performed for breast reduction will give a natural appearance to the breasts, the problems listed above will be removed, and the life of the person will be easier. Breasts may be large for different reasons. Genetic factors, hormonal changes or some diseases may result in a big breast that does not fit the body measurements. The current problem can be further increased with weight changes, breastfeeding and influence of gravity.  The increase in breast tissue and accordingly big breast can also be seen in young girls.

POINTS TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT BEFORE AESTHETIC BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY:

If you think to have a breast reduction surgery or want to exchange information about this issue, you should consult a plastic surgeon. You should clearly tell your surgeon your expectations, briefly why you think of such an operation and what you expect from that operation, in the first examination. Your surgeon will listen to you first, learn your personal medical history and family medical history, and then examine you. As a result of this examination, the size and shape of your breasts, the condition of your skin, your age, marriage and whether you have children or not, the nipple’s new position etc. will be discussed with you. Do not hesitate to ask your surgeon again and again what you do not understand. Your surgeon will inform you about the details of the operation, including scar, nipple sensitivity, breastfeeding, type of anesthesia, risks of the surgery. When you see the pictures of the patients who have had an operation before, it can make your decision easier.

PREPARATION FOR AESTHETIC BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY

Mammography and breast ultrasonography, if necessary, should be performed in addition to the blood and lung x-ray  to be performed before the surgery. Hypertension, smoking, drug addiction, diabetes mellitus should be discussed.   You will need someone to help you on the day of surgery and the next few days. Breast reduction surgery is an operation that should be done in hospital, you may need to stay in hospital for 1-3 days.

HOW IS AESTHETIC BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY PERFORMED?

In the aesthetic breast reduction surgery, big breast tissue is reshaped in accordance with the body measurements of the person. Excess breast tissue and skin on it are removed. The nipple is moved to which it should be. The operation is performed in an operating room under hospital conditions with general anesthesia. It takes 2.5 to 4 hours.  It leaves only a scar of 4.5-5 cm around the nipple and down the middle of the lower part of the nipple.  However, these scars are obvious at first, and may become hardly visible in time. The grade of the post-operative scars depends on the size of the breast, the used surgical procedure and finally the scar persistence of the patient’s skin. It may not be possible to apply the above-mentioned surgical procedures in over-sized breasts in some special cases. Therefore, the techniques that nipple is freely carried are used and the scars of this operation are reverse T-shaped like the operations mentioned above.

AFTER AESTHETIC BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY:

The post-operative process is usually comfortable. The pain is minimal. There may be limitations in arm movements. A bra-like bandage is applied to the breasts or some surgeons dress the patient up with the bra immediately after the surgery. The pipes, called drains, are usually placed into both breasts and removed within 24-72 hours.  A separate dressing is applied to the nipple. The dressing will be opened and the wound will be checked after 2 days. The bandages are removed after 7 days. Sutures are removed after 7-10 days. The patient stays in hospital for 1-3 days. The patient is dressed with sports bra for 6 weeks and massage is recommended. There may be swelling, numbness in the nipple and purplish discoloration on the skin during the early period. They disappear spontaneously in a short time.

RETURN TO NORMAL LIFE

The patient can return to work after 1 week.  Aesthetic breast reduction surgery is a surgery that generally provides a good and lasting result, which improves the mental health of the person and her spouse and makes them more attached to life, especially facilitating the woman’s clothing style. The newly shaped breast is long lasting, but weight changes, pregnancy, breastfeeding and gravity can cause the increase in volume and ptoses in the breast.

RISKS OF BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY:

As with every surgery, breast reduction surgery has some risks. Most of the people who have had this surgery do not see any problems related to the surgery, but it is important that you know them. It is important for your personal choice that you know the risks of the surgery and the benefits it will give you. When your doctor tells you about these risks, you should discuss each one individually.